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Academic Integrity and Referencing : Home


Students must respect others' intellectual property and understand what constitutes plagiarism. Where the work of others is used or relied upon, it must be properly acknowledged and authorship attributed in accordance with academic practice and must be referenced using an appropriate referencing convention. The School most commonly uses the Harvard style which should be used unless an alternative style is specified in the course syllabus. Guidance is readily available on Canvas and from the Library. Students are fully responsible for ensuring they are aware of the requirements for referencing and use the appropriate convention for the course.

Plagiarism, collusion and other forms of academic misconduct are not acceptable in any form and students may be subject to disciplinary action, which can result in the failure of the course and Programme.The School reserves the right to use technology to detect and/or follow up on cases of suspected academic misconduct, irrespective of the severity. Academic misconduct is not limited to plagiarism; refer to the Student Disciplinary Policy for further information.



All new students are required to complete the Skills for Study Plagiarism and Referencing course prior to beginning their programme.
The course covers:

  • Why and when to acknowledge sources
  • Guidelines for referencing
  • Different ways of using source material in your work
  • How to write a reference list
  • What is meant by plagiarism
  • How to draw on other people's work without plagiarising
  • How to recognise plagiarism
  • How to collaborate with other students without plagiarising one another's work

There is also the Cite Them Right tutorial, which covers the following:

  • What referencing is and when to reference
  • Common knowledge and anecdotal information
  • Confidential information - of relevance for those working with a company
  • Understanding and avoiding plagiarism
  • How to set out citations and quotations
  • How to set out references
  • Paraphrasing and summarising text

Extra resources and guidance

Cite Them Right have a number of articles with guidance on:

  • Secondary referencing
  • Non-English naming conventions
  • Non-Roman scripts
  • Making changes to quotations
  • Quoting material not in English

We also recommend students download and review the following guides:

Cite Them Right - referencing tool

To find how to correctly format citations and references for 250+ resource types use Cite Them Right.

You can search or browse for the resource type, select your referencing style and it will provide you with the properly formatted reference.

ZoteroBib - free bibliography generator

ZoteroBib is a free and easy to use open-source browser-based tool for creating reference lists and generating in-text citations.

Zoterobib logo

Guidance and FAQs are available here.

Reference Management Software

What is reference management software?
The purpose of reference management software is to make the deployment of citations and creation of bibliographies/references lists easier for a writer/researcher. Such software will store data about a 'thing' you want to cite or use for referencing/bibliography creation as well as having the ability to store the source itself.
Mastering such software involves an investment of time and is a must for PhD students and researchers. For students writing shorter assignments with shorter references lists, using reference management software is less of a priority but is recommended if you have an interest in reading articles and monographs, compared to 'thought leadership' or textbooks.

  • EndNote for PhD researchers
    The School has a site licence to use EndNote desktop for those Faculty or PhDs who request it. Email for further information.
  • EndNote for students
    To get the full productivity value of EndNote, you need both the personal database “library” in the cloud, to which you can upload full-text of a bibliographic reference and also to have installed the EndNote “Cite While You Write” Word add-in. It’s all free but you must register via Web of Science’s EndNote option to pick up the LBS institutional entitlement.

Free referencing software

  • Zotero (recommended) 
    The library also recommend the use of Zotero as it is free and you can continue using the resource after you have left LBS. Check our calendar for upcoming Zotero training sessions.
  • Mendeley
    Free, but more popular among scientists.

Which software should I choose?
For those already familiar with EndNote, we suggest you stick with it. For those new to reference management software, we recommend Zotero because it is the quicker software to master. Regardless of the reference management software being used, email if you have any questions or issues.