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Open Access

What is Open Access?

Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge (to the reader), and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. What makes it possible is the internet and the consent of the author or copyright-holder."
      Suber, Peter (2013) Open Access Overview.


If you want to know more about the relationship with open access and academic publishing, we recommend you watch Paywall: The Business of Scholarship.

LBS Research Online – The School’s Institutional Repository

LBS Research Online contains research produced by our faculty and researchers, whether it be published as a journal article, conference paper, book chapter, book, or even research data.

The Library Team is responsible for maintenance of LBS Research Online. This includes the maintenance of repository content, metadata quality control and the provision of guidance to faculty relating to the repository.

For assistance: openaccess@london.edu

Why Open Access?

Two Varieties of Open Access

With Green OA an author publishes in a journal and self-archives a version in an institutional repository, such as LBS Research Online.

The publisher decides which version it permits to be archived (usually the accepted manuscript after peer review) and the publisher is likely to place some sort of embargo on the deposit.

With Gold OA the final published article is made freely available online immediately and permanently on the publisher’s website. This is known as the “author pays” model. 

For Gold OA to occur, the publisher is likely to request a charge, in the form of an Article Processing Charge (APC). There will also be situations where the School has a Transformative Agreement with the publisher, whereby open access costs are included and paid for alongside read access ('read and publish'). With Gold OA, a license is applied that allows users to download, copy, reuse and distribute data, in the form of a Creative Commons (CC) License.

An alternative route to Gold is to publish in an Open Access Journal,